The insatiable demand for high speed Internet access, driven primarily by video, has triggered the deployment of 1Gbps and beyond in cities throughout the United States.
1Gbps or 1,000Mbps is about 60 times the US average advertised broadband speed. It may sound like ultra-fast access speeds of 1Gbps and beyond are not required for home use, but trends have consistently demonstrated that such speeds will eventually become a requirement for the average user and will even one day become obsolete.
By the late 1980s, users were content working with access speeds of about 1Kbps but only two decades later, average access speeds had increased 1000 times to about 1Mbps. By the same token, it is more than likely that residential 1Gbps will be widely available by the 2020 time-frame.
Residential 1Gbps Internet access deployment was pioneered by Google Fiber in Kansas City in 2012. Since then over 50 service providers are operating 1Gbps services in the USA, providing a penetration of over 20 Million residences.
1Gbps is offered predominantly over fiber optics with a few providers, such as RCN, offering the same speeds over co-axial cable.
The table below shows 1Gbps penetration for US states, D.C and Puerto Rico. Leading service providers include Level 3, Integra Telecom, Verizon and TDM Telecom.
Residential 1Gbps penetration for the 50 US States, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
|State||%Percentage Pernetration||Pernetration (000)|
|District of Columbia||6.2||41|